Piotr Smierzewski’s presentation on 2017 Perspective EU in Venice. “Designed as an annual event underpinned by the solid experience of architecture journal THE PLAN, Perspective provides key insights into the world of architecture.” more: The Plan
ANALOG is looking for a creative intern to assist our competition team on a fulltime basis for a minimum of two months. If you want to join us, please email your full CV with a short cover letter and PDF portfolio to: firstname.lastname@example.org. After 20.04.2017 we will contact selected applicants.
Morze Architektury is a lecture series organized by SARP Koszalin (Association of Polish Architects), which aims in improving architectural awareness in the local community. The first edition started in January 2016 with the lecture of Stanisław Niemczyk.
Michael Webb, Los Angeles-based architectural writer, contributing to Mark, AR, The Plan and other journals on the trip to Poland.
“Michael Webb is the author of 26 books on modern architecture and design, and has contributed essays to many more. He grew up in London, where he worked at The Times and Country Life magazine, before moving to the U.S. in 1969 to become Programming Director of the American Film Institute. He then curated a major traveling exhibition for the Smithsonian, Hollywood: Legend and Reality, before resuming his writing career. He now lives in Los Angeles when he is not traveling the world to gather material for books and articles.
Webb is a regular contributor to The Architectural Review, Contract, Frame, Interiors, Mark and The Plan, and has written extensively for Architectural Digest, Domus and The New York Times, among other publications. His reviews appear on formmag.net and in The Architects Newspaper. He is currently preparing a survey of innovative housing solutions and another book on restoring classic modern houses”.
ANALOG, architecture, design and urbanism office, tries to use typology and traditional conctruction techniques to create significant architecture of the background. The projects by Analog, which range from furniture to urban planning, stand out for a strong sense of “place” and deep knowledge of the theory of architecture, what allows to reduce architecture to its very essence.
POLSKA. ARCHITECTURE is a new exhibition of contemporary polish architecture which is organised by Architektura-muratormonthly and Department of Public and Cultural Diplomacy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Poland. After presentation in Baku in June, the exhibition which presents 20 newly constructed buildings (with CINiBA among them) starts on 27th of October in Skopje.
National Museum Krakow
project: competition entry, 3rd Prize, 2015
HS99, Koszalin project team:
katarzyna bartel, oliwia stachowska, adam kulesza, konrad garbowski, wojciech slupczynski, arkadiusz laskowski, ewelina przeworska, tomasz czolowski, status:
Building Footprint: 6123,8 m2
Net Floor Area: 27856,6 m2
Gross Floor Area: 34163,2 m2
Volume: 182503,3 m3
Cultural facilities should unite, not divide. This concept attempts to unite around a common history and collective memory, of which the National Museum in Krakow is one of the most important depositories, without whose activity “poor memory perpetuates the legends”.
The uniqueness of the museum depends not only on the uniqueness of the exhibitions but also the uniqueness of the space in which the exhibitions are presented. The balance between neutrality of environment for exhibits and its characteristic features is one of the basic problems of not only modern museums. The indissoluble connection of exhibitions, the building of the museum and the city is essential if the memory of the visit is to survive.
The site has been divided into two main bodies: north and south. The historic (southern) one hosts all of the features associated with the Museum, such as a bar, bookstore, library, cinema room, or cloakrooms and toilets located below the entrance level. The northern part contains all groups of premises connected with the exhibitions.
Between these two bodies, a central space was located which forms a huge museum lobby illuminated from the top. This is a very important part of the site, which is responsible not only for the impressions it gives the visitors but first and foremost is the traffic hub, the starting point of the journey around the exhibition area. This lobby grants access to all exhibition halls, both permanent and temporary.
The main hall of regular shape, great height, soft and diffused lighting is not only the starting point of all exhibition exploration routes but also a space, which is to introduce the public to an atmosphere of uniqueness. In formal terms, the hall interprets the theme of the panels repeated several times in the historical part of the building. This theme unites the old and the new part of the museum.
A single-space main hall for temporary exhibitions is completely devoid of supports, providing virtually unlimited possibilities for display.
Permanent exhibition rooms have been designed on two top floors, dividing the exhibition space into smaller modules, which due to the interrelations are arranged in a logical and uninterrupted string of exhibitions, forming a loop. The rooms located on the top floor have been illuminated with natural light through skylights, thus upholding the historical continuity of exhibition spaces of the National Museum in Krakow.
POLSKA. ARCHITECTURE is a new exhibition of contemporary polish architecture which was organised by Architektura-murator monthly and Department of Public and Cultural Diplomacy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Poland. The exhibition which presents 20 newly constructed buildings (with CINiBA among them) starts on 13th of June in Baku.
ZW109 published in the latest issue of ARCH, which comments the second polish edition of Brick Award. ZW109 won Grand Prix in this competition.
The relatively small building was designed as a one-bay structure with small one-sided flats on the west side and slightly larger flats from the south and north. The distinctive facade of the old building was decided to be reconstructed on the basis of plaster casts of the original ornaments. It features as a “gateway” to the pedestrian passage.
To contrast the facade of the main façade the gate was painted white. Particular attention was paid to the entrance area of the building. Two entrances were designed; one from Zwycięstwa Street and the second from the park. These entrances lead to a one-flight staircase lighted from the top, finished “in white”, as the gateway.
The relatively small building was designed as a one-bay structure with small one-sided flats on the west side and slightly larger flats from the south and north. The eastern wall, which will be further developed in the future, was temporarily insulated and painted in gray. Commercial units are located on the ground floor. They are not accessible from the main street, but from the internal pedestrian passage connecting the already erected object with the two buildings planned to be built at the back of the estate.
The distinctive facade of the old building was decided to be reconstructed on the basis of plaster casts of the original ornaments. It features as a “gateway” to the pedestrian passage. To contrast the facade of the main façade the gate was painted white. Particular attention was paid to the entrance area of the building. Two entrances were designed; one from Zwycięstwa Street and the second from the park. These entrances lead to a one-flight staircase lighted from the top, finished “in white”, as the gateway.
The Jury of annual Life in Architecture Awards (Zycie w Architekturze) organized by leading Polish architectural magazine “Architektura Murator“. Piotr Smierzewski along with Dariusz Herman and Wojciech Subalski, Piotr Sarzyński (Polityka) and Katarzyna Krakowiak (ASP Gdansk) are members of President’s Jury which is going to select Nominees for Grand Prix.
Piotr Smierzewski’s own houseH9 in Architekturzentrum Wien. A cooperative venture between the Az W, the Centrum Architektury and the Polish Institute Vienna. Speakers at the Opening on Wednesday 12 February 2014, 7pm: Dietmar Steiner, director Az W, Sylwia Golonka Dzienisz, deputy director Polish Institute Vienna, Agnieszka Rasmus-Zgorzelska and Aleksandra Stepnikowska, curators of the exhibition.
Piotr Smierzewski’s own house H9. The architect’s home turf is often the space that serves as a true manifesto of the creator’s own individual style and perspective, marrying form, function and fantasy.Culture.plpresents a dozen or so of the most intriguing homes of the past century – designed by the architects themselves for their own personal pleasure. –
The web portal Culture.pl, a project of the Adam Mickiewicz Institute, has already published over 38 thousand articles in Polish and English, providing our readers with the freshest cultural news daily. We also offer a comprehensive selection of encyclopedic articles on Polish artists and their creations, all coming together into a one-stop resource for cultural managers, artists, students, art critics, journalists, opinion-makers and lovers of Polish culture all over the globe.
A mass model of CINiBA prepared in the office for the Mies van der Rohe Award 2013 Exhibition, which is going to start on June the 7th in Mies van der Rohe’s Pavilion in Barcelona.
The exhibition Great Villas of Poland as a part of an international project Via Villas realised by Foibos publishing opens to public on 20th March 2013 in the Museum of Architecture in Wroclaw. HS99 is represented with H5 in Nowe Bielice and H9 located in Koszalin – Lubiatowo.
Museum of architecture in Wroclaw 21 th March – 5th May 2013 Ceremonial opening of exhibition takes place on 20 th March at 4.00 p.m. in the Museum of Architecture in Wroclaw in Bernadyńskiej 5 Street.
The project Great Villas of Poland is realised under the honourable patronage of the Polish president´s wife, Mrs Anna Komorowska.
The auspices were given by the Czech embassador in Poland, Mr Jan Sechter and the major of Wroclaw, Mr Rafał Dutkiewicz.
The exhibition was realised with a financial support of European Commission and the Culture program, MKiDN of Poland, Adam Mickiewicz Institute and the Ministry of Culture in CR. Apart from our partner, the Museum of Architecture in Wroclaw the preparation was done in cooperation with other significant Polish and Czech institutions.
The Great Villas of Poland presents mainly family residences built from 18th century up to now. It is an overview of villa architecture of the whole Poland. The audience will be presented the total of ninety three villas and family residences. An axis of the exhibition and a publication are the life stories of architects and builders connected with the history of individual houses. Each house speaks for itself; it shows under what circumstances it was created, reflects the environment and period of origin. Selected buildings are examples of architectonic thinking and lifestyle characterising their creators, owners and inhabitants.
Exhibition panels are accompanied by historical and current photos and plans.
Authorial team consist of the following: Ryszard Nakonieczny ? editor, Andrzej Mendocha – technical editor; authors Jerzy Ilkosz, Vladimír Šlapeta, Elżbieta Przesmycka, Beate Stoertkuhl, Joanna Olenderek, Maciej Olenderek, Anna Syska, Przemysław Czernek, Tomasz Malkowski, Paweł Wąsowski, Maciej Janowski, Michał Duda, Maria Jolanta Sołtysik, Jadwiga Urbanik and Piotr Marciniak, photographers Tomasz Zakrzewski, Stanisław Klimek and others.
The exposition will be later presented in other places of the Polish Republic, the Czech Republic and other countries.
From 28 th May until 30 th June 2013 the whole project Via Villas will be presented at the international conference and exhibition in the building of Altiero Spinelli in the European Parliament in Brussels.
“(CINiBA) charms through its discreet insertion into Silesia’s tradition of industrial architecture, as well as into its immediate neighbourhood, for which it stands to become a catalyst for development.” P. Sarzyński.
“The true art of architecture lies in creating an original design with merely a few gestures.” R. Konieczny.
Newton Research Center
project: 2011, competition entry, 3rd Prize
HS99, Koszalin project team:
gall podlaszewski, wojciech slupczynski, adam kulesza, jacek moczala status:
With its location, the new building “Newton” emphasizes the rhythm determined on the campus by the existing buildings, but also composes an internal courtyard and closes it with respect to the viewing axis. From the west, the building is aligned with a very clear line of development. This raised fragment of the facility is not so much an architectural culmination of the building as a highlighting of this corner of the whole campus.
The building proposes an introspective arrangement, creating its own inner world on the basis of two different atriums, relative to each other. The atrium in this zone is orderly and regular, with a paved area where you’ll find the summer café tables. The atrium located in the zone of controlled library access is a garden and can serve as a summer reading space.
The individual functional blocks are embedded in a common space; a space for communication, recreation, social meetings, exhibitions and, discussions. The basic functions of this facility (canteen, auditoriums and library) are located in the block which reaches up to uncover the part of the building dedicated to the administration and staff.
The method of moving around the building has an element of choice. The library, which is the culmination of form and the upper levels of the auditorium can be reached by gentle ramps provided with attractive spaces for working, reading and meetings. You can also choose the horizontal path (along the auditoriums), accompanied by the exhibitions.
The individual areas of the building are bonded to each other by identical floor, ceiling, perforated walls. This ensures the integrity of the multi-function building. The only formal differences are the different zoning of the atriums and wooden cladding separating the auditorium part – the heart of the building.
The façades reflect the introverted architectural concept. Full glazing, besides the atriums is found only in the administrative part, near the entrance and in the library, at the furthest end of the entire composition, connecting the building with extensive views. The bands of walls, climbing along with ramps are perforated with regularly spaced holes. The perforation was made in the lining of thin-walled reinforced concrete prefabricated elements made of tight, high quality concrete, hung on the support structure of the building.
location: Koszalin, Promykowa St.
HS99, Koszalin project team:
jacek moczała, wojciech slupczynski, adam kulesza photo:
Piotr Smierzewski status:
In terms of urban planning, the project is a continuation of the terraced single-family housing estate – PR01, which had been designed a few years earlier. As in the first stage, the main objective was to find an economic alternative for a typical apartment in a multiple dwelling by reducing the surface area of the house and the plot of land, as well as to rationalise the structure.
The rows of terraced houses were located optimally in terms of sunlight, while striving to take advantage of a bit of accidental geometry of the investment area. The public space, which was created in this way, was zoned by elements of landscape architecture between the street and the relevant house.
What both designs have in common is the determining nature of selection of the whole finishing materials: red clinker brick on façades, green sheet metal on roofs and wooden supplementary components. Both stages differ in, above all, the geometry of the roofs and spatial organisation of the interior.
The distinctive PR02 roofs’ geometry is an attempt of modern interpretation of typical roofs in this type of construction, the roof ridge of which is set in parallel or perpendicularly to the public road. The proposed alternative solution, in which the roof ridge of the roof is set at an angle to the street, allowed for, among others, additional lighting of the roof level, making it a valuable fragment of the entire house interior.
The inside of the house is centred around the two-floor part of the living room, in which there is a dining table. Thanks to this operation, the unity of architectural components integrating the family life around common meals was achieved.
Wallpaper 09/2008 presents an overview of new polish architecture. Academic Library in Katowice (CINiBA) has been published among other projects designed by medusa group, Jaroslaw Kozakiewicz and nsMoon Studio and Wizja.
The main urban planning rule makes a reference to the original concept from 1970s. It adds the Central Square: a park on the plan of an elongated rectangle. This central green space has its begginings in a pond planned in the 1970s and stretches parallel to the streets of Wita Stwosza and Grunwaldzka. Its width maps out a distance between the existing facilities.
The land, which is adjacent to the main communications axis of the University, forms the Faculty Square. From there, the current building of the Faculty is available (the authors: architect W. Benedyk and architect S. Niewiadomski). There, the new computer science building was placed. This surfaced square, which was designed in an opposition to the Central Square, merges both facilities and maps out the space, which is an easy for identification, and which focuses the live of the Faculty. The laboratory part was placed in this square (similarly to the existing structure). The square closes the arm positioned perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis running through the buildings of the Faculty.
The difference of the levels of land allows one to create the natural boundaries of the Faculty Square, and gives an access to the facility from different levels: a different level from the side of the campus (the Faculty Square), and a different level from the side of the car parks that continue the already existing car park complex. The communications arrangement results from a logical continuation of the existing communications system.
Three fundamental elements make up the block of the facility. The first one, which constitutes a typological continuation of the existing building, includes above of all teaching rooms. The second one, which is placed perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of both buildings (closing the Faculty Square space), houses lecture halls and the Quantum Centre. The third element is the laboratories closed in an almost standalone block (connected with the main building only via the ground floor), which is intentionally distinguished in formal terms.
A two-storey entrance hall which joins not only the arms of building but also the levels of entrances leading to it, was designed between the two first elements. A lecture hall connected with a café adjoins this space. This three-storey hall is the continuation of the Faculty Square. The hall which precedes the Quantum Centre is situated above it. The view from it extends onto the whole Faculty Square.
The facades of the Computer Science Faculty Building express the structure of the building accepted, including the functional structure. Regular, two-layered, prefabricated ferroconcrete and glass facades run around the building. The inside layer constitutes an element of the constructional system. Repeated window plots, which are withdrawn in the direction of the interior of building, are shaded against the sun in a natural manner. The laboratory section is faced with black laminated tempered glass.
project: 2006, competition, mention
HS99 Herman i Smierzewski, Koszalin project team:
agnieszka desowska, magda erycińska, kuba florek, lukasz gąska, adam kulesza, lukasz pisarek, rafał sobieraj, paweł skóra , wojciech słupczyński, wojciech subalski status:
In opposition to the fragmented overground structure of the buildings of the mine, the block of the museum is a homogenous form merging all its functional parts. A standarized height and a standardized level of the foundation constitute the counterpoint for the diversity of the levels and the heights of the individual historic facilities.
An outside space contained between the floor in front of the museum and the cantilever roof is the most characteristic element which identifies and organizes the urban planning structure of this place. This space is the Museum Forum, which is at the same time a fragment of the traffic route and an outside museum exhibition for all the devices and historic and industrial facilities which were dismantled from the remaining buildings in the District. Therefore, this new building will include the pieces of all the remaining buildings of the mine. The following renovated historic facilities: Warszawa mineshaft, an engine room building and a clothes warehouse are included in this space. The “corridors” between the space of former mine and the urban space were used to locate the entrance to the individual parts of the MainBuilding. They constitute a communications space and an outside exposition area. They ensure a contact between the town and the area of the former mine (the District of Museums).
The programme of the museum was arranged in three functional modules. Two of them include exhibition rooms and third one includes a complex of rooms connected with conference and administrative functions. These modules were merged with a technical storey, which was concealed in the thickness of the roof and two underground storeys to be used for the shipment of showpieces, for car parks as well as storage and technical facilities rooms.
The facades of the museum were designed from glass channel sections, which constitute the wall facing on certain fragments. In the joints between the modules, they make up a transparent glass facade. This material contrasts with the brick of the historic facilities and emphasizes their authenticity. The smoothness of the facades, concealing of the structure in the Main Edifice building serves to highlight the industrial beauty of Warszawa and Bartosz mineshafts as well as of the showpieces collected in the Forum and in the “corridors”.
It is only the temporary exhibition room, as one which is visited the most frequently, which was located on the ground floor (it was preceded by an extensive foyer). Only those rooms which are to be used to exhibit painting works were located under the roof to provide the exhibition with a day light. The remaining rooms were located on the first floor. All the rooms were centred on the two sides of the main hall, which was designed as a complex of galleries surrounding the entrance patio. Its characteristic and dominating element is “Warszawa” mineshaft, which serves as an identification of the museum and previously the mine. The rooms painting works illuminated from above with daylight.
Single Family House
location: Mielno, Gdanska St.
HS99 Herman i Smierzewski, Koszalin
Building Footprint: 127,8 m2
Net Floor Area: 156,7 m2
Volume: 840,2 m3
This building was located in a seaside plot near Koszalin. The ground floor was designed as an open space with a separated block of auxiliary rooms, which gives functional zones of this part of the house: the living room and the kitchen and the dining room. The first floor includes rooms for individual use and a bathroom located directly over the block of auxiliary rooms.
The facades were made different considering the directions of the world and the relation of the building to the sea. The north facade from the side of the sea, taking into consideration winds, was designed as ceramic with a small number of window openings. The south facade was designed as made of wood with one half of it glazed in. The remaining ones are totally glazed in and shadowed by wooden balconies.
Publications: Nowoczesny Dom, Dom&Wnetrze 02/2004 Zlamany w pol, Dom Doskonaly 02/2005
Awards: 3rd Prize in competition “Project of The Year” organised by Dom&Wnetrze
Lecture “Old and New”
HS99 Lecture at Architecture Students Workshop OSSA 2002 in Bialystok
Commercial Center Emka
location: Koszalin, Jana Pawla II St.
HS99 Herman i Smierzewski, Koszalin project team:
filip golebiowski, dariusz cyparski, mateusz polak foto: daniel rumiancew (2002) status: completed
Building Footprint: 10557 m2
Net Floor Area: 21853 m2
Gross Floor Area: 22679 m2
Volume: 104565 m3
The designed building is the first stage in a complex development called Papieski (Papal) Square
Papieski Square is an undeveloped, well-connected piece of land covering approx. 5 hectares, which is part of a housing development extending along ul. Władysława IV. The development for the most part consists of multiple-occupancy residential buildings. Directly in the square, there is the Church of the Holy Spirit, identifying the area. Between the surrounding buildings, a lack of clearly defined public spaces can be observed, along with spatial disorganisation and a lack of developed green areas.
With its compact arrangement and the scale of the adopted solution, the chaotic development of this part of the city will become arranged and organized.
On the ground floor, there is a commercial space divided into different sized shop units located along the internal trade routes. The northern part of this floor is occupied by the space designated for handling deliveries and technical rooms. The functional structure of the storey is more complex. On this floor, as well as retail units, a recreational area is to be found, consisting of a bowling alley, a fitness centre, a children?s playground and various dining options. The recreational area has an additional separate entrance located on the side of the park. Both floors are connected by a two-storey hall (centre), with a glass top, around which most of the attractions will focus. In the hall escalators are located, forming the main mode of vertical transport.
The centre building is designed essentially as a two-storey building on the design module 10/10m using reinforced concrete pillar-slab technology.
The Investor resisted the idea of the uniform design of shop windows, opting instead for diversity, which he believes contributes to the attractiveness of the centre. What was left in the hands of chief designer is the concept at the very centre of the building, of a glazed, two-storey “atrium”.
On 20 June 2002 Galeria Emka took on a life of its own no longer influenced by designers but rather by the marketing department. Its destiny lies in their hands.
The resort modernisation design seeks to continue and track the traces of the internal logic of the building, above all, its design based on two modules and clear arrangement of the two upper hotel storeys.
On the ground floor the kitchen space has been reduced, adapting it to the new needs and technologies. The space saved in this way was used to organize the new entrance hall. The entrance area of the building was completely redesigned. The main entrance was moved to the western façade in the immediate area of the entry to the resort, where previously there was a ramp providing deliveries to the kitchen. The extension of the entrance is a highly elongated reception desk and café hall, arranged along the south façade of the building, ending with a conference room overlooking the lake Zerdno. The existing window openings were enlarged with window sills, which were completely removed in all windows. It gave this part of the building a rhythmic contact with the attractive exterior of the building.
Yellow colour of the south façade and proportions of the holes were transferred to one of the walls of the hall, where the entrance to the dining room and club room were located. Based on this wall, according to the main direction of the hall, the reception and bar counter were set. The wooden floor of the hall continues on the balcony directly adjacent to the lobby, so that it gives an impression of continuation of the exterior of the building.
Changes in the shape and façades of the building have been reduced to a minimum. A complete change in the nature of the facility was achieved by adjusting the window openings, making partly new window openings so as to adapt them to the new organization of the interior, hanging the openwork galleries on the building structure and a new colour scheme of the building.
The main new element changing the nature of the building are external galleries suspended on the existing steel structure on the southern and western parts of the building, on the last two floors. The steel structure was filled with openwork timber and steel frames filled with mesh and galvanized so that they give the impression of lightness with a maximum sense of intimacy of the residential units. To add depth to this zone of the building façade, as well as to put in order the existing irregular window openings, some of these items were adjusted to the height of the entire gallery. This gives a sense of calm, organizes the geometry of the existing window openings, and the material itself provides a sense of depth. The galleries form a transition zone between hotel rooms and the surrounding nature, between the exterior and interior of the building.
Single Family House
location: Koszalin, Debowa St.
piotr smierzewski, dariusz herman
The H2 project constitutes an attempt to take a position to the development of a single-family houses estate, usually deprived of any character; many of such settlements were built in the post-war period in Poland.
The building was organized on the axis which runs parallel to the longer border of the plot, which runs in the direction of north-east and south-west. The body of the building, the arrangements of the rooms and the composition of the facade are subordinated to this formal design axis. The basic form of the building was divided into three functional areas, which were formally articulated in various manners.
The main area of the building, which includes the habitable part with a living room on the ground floor, and private rooms on the first floor, was designed within the basic body. The part with connecting rooms including the hall with vertical communication, the kitchen and the study on the ground floor and bathrooms on the first floor, comes out from the basic body towards the access to the plot. The utility section of the ground floor was inserted under the main body of the cuboid, which is cut out in this place, and separated from the habitable section of the ground floor by introducing a horizontal row of windows. The individual elements of the body composition were formally separated from one another by introducing spaces which divide these elements (glazing) and the use of different materials.
The entrance to the building was located on the extension of the ramp leading to the access to the plot in the direction of the building, in the space between the utility part and the line of the rooms including the study, hall and the kitchen. The central part of the building including the vertical communication was designed as a two-floor space illuminated from above. This space was linked in the vertical direction with a massive wall which separates the auxiliary rooms from the purely habitable part. Along this part, light stairway was located (a steel and wood structure).
The first floor includes four individual rooms of the same size yet with different relations to the external space of the building. The rooms located in the north-east part have an exit to a vast walled-off terrace opening towards the access to the plot. The rooms in the south-west part have this contact through the wall with three windows with a vertical format. By opening these windows fully, we have a walled-off balcony in these rooms. The gables of the main body of the building were fully opened and filled with glazing in wooden frames. These windows have the height of the storey, without any additional divisions. The side walls include low vertical openings in the direction of the main axis of the building, which serve to emphasize the main composition idea.
The main “window” of the opening of the terrace on the first floor is located towards the access to the plot and parallel to the ramp which leads to the entrance door.